Duan Wu – Around the World
韩国现在唯一完整保留端午习俗的是韩国江陵地区。江陵市在端午时节特有的巫俗祭祀活动 - 江陵端午祭，是韩国最著名文化庆典之一，且在2005年11月25日被世界教科文组织指定为人类口头和无形遗产。
South Korea – Gangneung Danoje
Unlike the Chinese Duan Wu Festival where the tradition of dumpling eating, dragon boat racing and commemorating Qu Yuan happens on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month, South Korea’s Danoje happens in May after the sowing season has ended. Sacrificial ceremonies, which can last from 20 days to 1 month, are held to pay homage to the mountain and earth deities to pray for peace, prosperity and good harvest.
Currently, only the Gangneung region has preserved the tradition of celebrating Danoje. The Gangneung Danoje has become one of the most famous cultural celebrations in Korea and has been designated as part of South Korea's Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO on November 25, 2005.
Gangneung Danoje has its origins rooted in mythology, which has as many as 12 deities like Kim Yushin, Daegwanryeong Guksa Seonghwang and so on. The celebration includes a plethora of events such as sacrificial ceremonies, wrestling, playing on swings, tug-of-war, archery, as well as folk performances, traditional mask dances, fireworks and lantern displays.
Preserving the elaborate and complex sacrificial ceremonies in their entirety is the core of the Gangneung Danoje. Danoje begins with prayers for 5 days and nights to the deities, followed by another 20 days or so of ceremonies and rituals before the deities are sent off in a farewell ceremony. If we were to include the brewing of a sacred liquor right before the start of the Danoje, this would extend the entire festival to about 1 month. Every year on the fifth day of the fourth lunar month, people will use rice and yeast to brew the sacred liquor to offer to the deities and for drinking, signifying the start of the Festival. The first Festival rites then take place on the fifteenth day of the fourth lunar month whereby people tie ceremonial red green sashes on a divine log and march in a parade to pay homage to the Daegwallyeong Mountain God's Shrine and State Preceptor's Goddess Shrine. On the evening of the third day of the fifth lunar month, the deities are escorted to the ceremonial grounds at Namdaecheon. From the fourth day to the seventh day of the fifth lunar month, ceremonies are also conducted every morning to honour the deities.
Gangneung Danoje combines both Confucian and Shamanism ceremonies. The Confucian ceremonies focuses on reading of blessings for the people, and asking for health and stability, curing of sicknesses and good harvest for crops and livestock. Following that, the Shamanism elements are reflected through the song and dance performances that go on till late night.
During Danoje, it is common for every household to prepare fragrant rice cakes made with mugwort and glutinous rice as offerings to their ancestors, as well as use sweet flag-infused water for washing hair while ladies use it in their makeup. Scholars put up cinnabar symbols to ward off evil, while the nobility exchange Dano fans as gifts.